It is 'Nosebleed Season'

Fortunately, while nosebleeds in children can seem dramatic, they’re not usually serious. Here are the most common causes of nosebleeds in kids, the best ways to treat them, and what you can do to help prevent them from happening again.

What causes nosebleeds in children?

There are a few common culprits behind a child’s bloody nose.

  • Dry air: Whether it’s heated indoor air or a dry climate, the most common cause of nosebleeds in children is dry air that both irritates and dehydrates nasal membranes.
  • Scratching or picking: This is the second most common cause of nosebleeds. Irritating the nose by scratching or picking can expose blood vessels that are prone to bleeding.
  • Trauma: When a child gets an injury to the nose, it can start a nosebleed. Most aren’t a problem, but you should seek medical care if you’re unable to stop the bleeding after 10 minutes or you’re worried about the injury as a whole.
  • Cold, allergies, or sinus infection: Any illness that includes symptoms of nasal congestion and irritation can cause nosebleeds.
  • Bacterial infection: Bacterial infections can cause sore, red, and crusted areas on the skin just inside the nose and in the front of the nostrils. These infections can lead to bleeding.

How to treat your child’s nosebleeds:

  • You can help slow down your child’s nosebleed by seating them in a chair. 
  • Keep them upright and gently tilt their head forward slightly. Leaning their head back could cause blood to run down their throat. It will taste bad, and it can make your child cough, gag, or even vomit.
  • Pinch the soft part of the nose below the nasal bridge. Have your child breathe through their mouth while you (or your child, if they are old enough) do this.
  • Try to maintain pressure for about 10 minutes. Stopping too early may make your child’s nose begin bleeding again. You can also apply ice to the bridge of the nose, which may reduce blood flow.

When nosebleeds become more frequent: 

If your child has frequent nosebleeds, make a point to moisturize the lining of the nose. You can try:

  • using a nasal saline mist, sprayed into the nostrils a few times a day
  • rubbing an emollient like Vaseline or lanolin just inside the nostrils on a cotton swab or finger
  • using a vaporizer in your child’s bedroom to add moisture to the air
  • keeping your child’s nails trimmed to reduce scratches and irritations from nose picking

 *****Call your doctor if:

  • your child’s nosebleed is the result of something they inserted into their nose
  • they recently started taking new medicine
  • they’re bleeding from another place, like their gums
  • they have severe bruising all over their body 
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